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A pigmentation disorder affects the colour of the skin. Dark patches or light patches form on the skin, resulting in an uneven skin tone or ‘patchy’ sections of skin.

Scroll down to learn more about the causes, symptoms and what effective treatments are available to visibly reduce the appearance of pigmentation.

cheek pigmentation before after 2 revlite treatments


Pigmentation can be connected to genetics and hormonal changes. Some medical conditions cause pigmentation. Burns and spots can also cause pigmentation. The visible effects of pigmentation tend to worsen with age.

In all cases of pigmentation, it occurs because of a failure or overproduction of melanin deposits. These deposits are produced by melanocyte cells. The direct cause of this in most cases is overexposure to sunlight or sun beds.

Hyperpigmentation and Hypopigmentation are the two main types of skin pigmentation disorder. The former is characterised by dark skin patches, the latter by light skin patches.


Discoloured patches of skin form on the body. These can be dark in the case of Hyperpigmentation, or light in the case of Hypopigmentation. The patches can be almost any size. They tend to be localised.

Spots of Hypopigmentation can be more prone to sunburn than regular skin. Sun beds can also cause soreness. Other than that, pigmentation is a harmless condition.

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